The Mediterranean diet is a way of eating that is based on the traditional foods and lifestyles of the countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. This diet is rich in plant-based foods, including fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts, and seeds. It also includes moderate amounts of lean protein, such as fish, chicken, and legumes, as well as healthy fats, such as olive oil and avocados.
A recent review conducted by Monash University, the University of the Sunshine Coast, and the University of South Australia has found that this diet may also be a practical, non-invasive, and affordable approach for couples trying to conceive. The review showed that the Mediterranean diet could improve male sperm quality, fertility, and assisted reproductive technology (ART) success. The anti-inflammatory properties of this diet may also increase couples' chances of conceiving. Infertility is a major health issue affecting 48 million couples and 186 million individuals worldwide.
One of the key features of the Mediterranean diet is its emphasis on plant-based foods, which are rich in fiber, antioxidants, and other nutrients that are important for good health. These foods may help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. The Mediterranean diet also includes moderate amounts of lean protein, which can help to support muscle mass and healthy weight management.
Overall, the Mediterranean diet is not only a healthy and sustainable way of eating but may also have additional benefits for fertility and reproductive health. This highlights the importance of adopting a well-balanced and varied diet that prioritizes nutrient-dense whole foods. While further research is needed to fully understand the relationship between diet and fertility, incorporating more plant-based foods and healthy fats into one's diet can be a great starting point for improving overall health and well-being.